From: Further Assessment of the Construct Validity of Four Measures of Narcissism: Replication and Extension. by P.J. Watson
Source: The Journal of Psychology, 1 May 2001
Via: HighBeam™ Research
Self-reported narcissism also has proven to be difficult to define. One theoretical model suggests, for instance, that self-reported narcissism reflects a defensive self-esteem (e.g., Raskin, Novacek, & Hogan, 1991a, 1991b).